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This paper should be 600-750 words and should be double-spaced, Times New Roman 12-point font, with 1″ margins all the way around. Remember this is a scholarly paper, so reference your text as necessary in your answer and pay careful attention to your spelling and grammar and proofread thoroughly before submitting your work. Your discussion should clearly demonstrate both understanding and application of material learned in Weeks 5&6.Type the prompt you have chosen along with the chapter it comes from at the top of your paper (this will not be part of your word count) and then discuss the prompt while applying the appropriate theory or theories. Thoughtfully and carefully consider the reflection and write a well-crafted response. While you have some leeway as to what aspects you discuss, your choice should be thought-provoking and incorporate your knowledge, understanding and application of the topic at hand.
Discuss the following Ethical Reflections:
Clifford Christians is the former director of the Institute of communications research at the university of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the lead author of Good News: Social Ethics and the Press. Although he values free speech, he doesn’t share the near-absolute devotion to the First Amendment that seems to be the sole ethic commitment of many journalists. Christians rejects reporters’ and editors’ insistence on an absolute right of free expression that is based on the individualistic rationalism of John Locke and other Enlightenment thinkers. In our age of ethical relativism where continue the conversation is the best that philosophy has to offer, Christians believes that discovering the truth is still possible if we are willing to examine the nature of our humanity. The human nature he perceives is, at root, personhood in community.
Christians agrees with Martin Burber that the relation is the cradle of life. (“In the beginning is the relation.”) He is convinced, therefore, that mutuality is the essence of humanness. People are mist fully human as “persons-in-relation” who live simultaneously for others and for themselves.
A moral community demonstrates more than interdependence; it is characterized by mutuality, a will-to-community, a genuine concern for the other apart from immediate self-interest… An act is morally right when compelled by the intention to maintain the community of persons; it is wrong if driven by self-centeredness.
Christians understands that a commitment to mutuality would significantly alter media culture and mission. His communitarian ethics established civic transformation rather than objective information as the primary goal of the process. Reporters’ aim would thus become a revitalized citizenship shaped by community norms – morally literate and active participants, not just readers and audiences provided with data. Editors, publishers, and owners – the gatekeepers of the media agenda – would be held to the same standard. Christians insists that media criticism must be willing to reestablish the idea of moral right and wrong. Selfish practices aimed at splintering community are not merely misguided; they are evil.
Christians’ communitarian ethics are based on the Christian tradition of agape love – an unconditional love for other because they are created in the image of God. He believes journalists have a social responsibility to promote the sacredness of life by respecting human dignity, truth telling, and doing no harm to innocents. With an emphasis on establishing communal bonds, alienated people on the margins of society receive special attention from communitarians. Christians ultimately judges journalists on the basis of how well they use the media’s power to champion the goal of social justice. For example Christians asks:
Is the press a voice for the unemployed, food-stamp recipients, Appalachian miners, the urban poor, Hispanics in rural shacks, the elderly women discriminated against in hiring and promotion, ethnic minorities with no future in North America’s downsizing economy?
If the media sets that kind of agenda and features attributes that promote community, he believes they are fulfilling their communitarian responsibility.
Side notes
Communitarian ethics: a moral responsibility to promote community, mutuality, and persons-in-relation who live simultaneously for others and for themselves.
Agape Love: an unconditional love for other because they are created in the image of God.
Book information:
Author:    EM Griffin
Title:        First Look at Communication Theory 8th

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