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Working Groups
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, or IEEE, is a professional society
that is focused upon advancing innovation and the excellence of technology in order to better
humanity. One of the functions of the association is to develop standards to be used throughout
the industry. These standards are intended to make the products, methods, materials, and services
that are used every day by people more reliable (“History,” 2013). In order to develop these
standards, professionals work together in working groups. These working groups research and
deliberate over specific topics, in an effort to develop new standards for the industry. One such
working group is the ICSG Malware Working Group.
This IEEE working group is specifically focused upon researching the issues facing the
industry in regards to Malware. Malware is malicious software utilized to collect sensitive
information, disrupt computer operations, or gain access to private computer systems, and cause
major issues for both businesses and individuals alike. This working group began their work
with a focus on sharing malware information in an attempt to improve efficiency of the computer
security industry. However, the focus has shifted to packed malware.
The ICSG Malware Working Group is currently focusing on defining properties of
packers used with malicious intent and defining best practices for software developers who
legitimately used packers. Other issues being worked on by the working group include creating a
registry for packer, a method of recognizing the source of packed files, and creating a specific
data sharing format that will allow packer information to be shared (“ICSG,” 2013). The industry
will be encouraged to fully implement the results of the working group in an effort to minimize
the malicious use of packers.
IEEE 802 Standard
The work done by the ICSG Malware Working Group focuses on just one area of the
industry that the IEEE encompasses. This means that there are standards regarding many
different aspects, one of which includes networking. One group of standards that is well known
throughout the industry is the IEEE 802. IEEE 802 includes various standards focused upon
local, metropolitan, and other area networks.
The rationale of the IEEE 802 is to create a standard that is used throughout the industry
so that equipment that is made by various manufacturers can all communicate together
(Stallings, 2009). Likewise, the three-layer protocol hierarchy organizes the way systems are
networked. This rationale is essential in order for networking within the industry to be
successful. There are many companies that manufacture computers, cables, and other devices
that must function together seamlessly in order to maximize efficiency.
If the IEEE 802 standard was not put in place, there is no guarantee that any two pieces
of equipment would be compatible with one another. This could result in a dramatic increase in
the amount an organization spends on their organizational systems. One manufacturer may make
all of their system components compatible with each other. If other cheaper systems are not
compatible, then the organization could be faced with greater costs than necessary. Additionally,
with each manufacturer having to focus on developing components to work with their own
equipment, fewer resources are available to develop new technology and devices that could
further improve efficiency. In fact, without such standards, there is potential that one
manufacturer may monopolize the market. In other words, the IEEE 802 standards are needed to
control costs and increase the innovation seen in the industry.
Standard Organizations
The technology and electronics industry has many different organizations working
towards standardization of the industry. Standardizing the industry will work to increase the
amount of innovation. Additionally, standardization can lead to increased efficiency of
technology as well as improved security. The three primary organizations that establish
standards for the technology industry include the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
(IEEE), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and the American National
Standards Institute (ANSI).
All three of these organizations work two establish standards within the technology
industry. However, the direct focus of the standards they work to establish vary. The ANSI is the
standards organization that is primarily responsible for publishing standards for computers and
various areas of information technology. While the ANSI is focused upon stands for the industry,
they are more focused upon accrediting organizations that actually do the footwork for
establishing new standards. The IEEE is primarily focused upon establishing standards for
networking. Many of the standards that have been developed by the IEEE are in relationship to
software used in networking (Barrett, and King, 2005). Meanwhile, the ISO is the biggest
organization that establishes standards. Unlike the IEEE, the ISO establishes standards for both
manufacturers as well as software. However, the ISO establishes standards for networking as
Of these three organizations, the most important for communication technology is the
ANSI. This organization is the one that administers accreditation to organizations working to
develop new standards. Additionally, the ANSI is responsible for publishing the standards
developed by the various organizations it has accredited. This organization is essential for groups
to continue working to establish new standards. Furthermore, without the publication efforts of
the ANSI others in the industry may have difficulty finding the standards established by the
different organizations. With one singular publication from the ANSI, developers and others in
the technology industry are able to find a comprehensive list of the standards that should be
followed. This further emphasizes the standardization within the industry, working towards the
universal goal of the three organizations—innovation and efficiency within the technology
Need for Federal Regulating Body of Standards
The overall purpose of standards within the computer industry is to increase
compatibility, reduce costs, improve efficiency, and to maximize security. In order for these
goals to be achieved, everyone within the industry needs to follow the same set of standards.
Likewise, there must be some kind of organization put in place to verify that the standards will
be efficient and effective. A federal regulating body of standards will work to ensure that these
goals are met.
Organizations such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NSIT) work to
improve competitiveness within the technology industry. However, the NIST does not
specifically focus upon regulating standards. By establishing a federal regulating body of
standards, the industry can develop a solid foundation of standards followed by everyone in the
industry. This eliminates any confusion from standards being established by various
organizations throughout the industry, and works towards achieving complete standardization,
which will allow the industry to achieve the universal goal of all of the standards organizations.

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