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Religion & Prayer
Researchers have been interested in investigating the possible link between religion, self-efficacy, and coping with the threat of terrorism. To investigate the role of religion, Fischer and colleagues used Gordon Allport’s Religious Orientation Scale. As you may recall, the ROS measures the degree to which people are intrinsically versus extrinsically religious. Intrinsic religiosity is characterized by truly living your religion, not as a means to an end, but as a striving toward meaning and value. Previous research has found that the use of prayer as a coping mechanism is related to an increased feeling of internal control over events (Ai, Peterson, Rodgers, & Tice, 2005), therefore intrinsically religious people would experience a greater level of self-efficacy. This enhanced self-efficacy would help them cope with the threat of terrorism as compared to people who are not religious.
Class, does prayer or religion help you cope with mental health issues and self-efficacy?
Ai, A. L., Peterson, C., Rodgers, W., & Tice, T. N. (2005). Effects of faith and secular factors on locus of control in middle-aged and older cardiac patients. Aging and Mental Health, 9, 470-481.

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